Occasionally, when developing scales using Likert-type questions, you will find yourself needing to reverse code some of the items. For example, an item such as "I don't like working with computers" scored from 1-5, with 1 being strongly disagree and 5 being strongly agree, should be recoded so that the negative answer is associated with the lower score. Recoding is especially important if the item is being used in a formula to compute a scale score.
In Ocean, your reverse coding formula would be as follows:
New score = (max + min) - response
Here is an example:
You have provided your patient with a 3-question survey scored on a 5 point-scale. Questions 1 and 2 are reverse coded. You would like to calculate a mean score for the survey.
Survey responses: q1. 5 q2. 4 q3. 1
Ocean formula: ((6 - q1.p) + (6 - q2.p) + (q3.p)) / 3
Mean scale score: ((6-5)+(6-4)+1)/3 = 1.33